History of Halloween
History of Halloween goes back in time but now as we know it is a yearly holiday observed around USA on October 31, the night before All Saints Day. Much like Day of the Dead celebrations, the Christian feast of All Hallows eve, according to some scholars, incorporates traditions from pagan harvest festivals and festivals honouring the dead. Typical festive Halloween activities include trick-or-treating (also known as attending
parties, carving jack-o'-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, visiting haunted attractions, playing pranks, telling scary stories, watching horror films, as well as the religious observances of praying, fasting and attending vigils. According to some books on History of Halloween ,it imagery is derived from many sources, including national customs, works of Gothic and horror literature (such as the novels Frankenstein and Dracula), and classic horror films (such as Frankenstein and The Mummy).
Comparison with Spirits & Ghosts?
History of Halloween goes back in time and there are many views of it,Some Historians believe it comes from a black magic ritual that pagans used to practice in the early 15th century but this theory is the weakest as their are not enough evidences supporting it.It is commonly thought to have pagan roots, even though its purely a christian festival. Historian Nicholas Rogers, exploring the origins of it, notes that while "some folklorists have detected its origins in the Roman feast of Pomona, the goddess of fruits and seeds, or in the festival of the dead called Parentalia, it is more typically linked to the Celtic festival of Samhain , derived from the Old Irish meaning "summer's end" it was the first and by far the most important of the four quarter days in the medieval Irish and Scottish calendars and, falling on the last day of autumn, it was a time for stock-taking and preparation for the cold winter months ahead. There was also a sense that this was the time of year when the physical and supernatural worlds were closest and magical things could happen.To ward off these spirits, the Gaels built huge, symbolically regenerative bonfires and invoked the help of the gods through animal and perhaps even human sacrifice. In the Western Isles of Scotland the Sluagh, or fairy host was regarded as composed of the souls of the dead flying through the air, and the feast of the dead at Halloween was likewise the festival of the fairies. But one cannot be certain of the history of halloween as there are many different opinions
Symbols and Icons
There are many symbols which describe the festival for instance, the carving of lanterns springs from the Christian souling custom of carving turnips into lanterns as a way of remembering the souls. The turnip has traditionally been used in Ireland and Scotland at Halloween, but immigrants to North America used the native pumpkin, which is both much softer and much larger making it easier to carve than a turnip. Subsequently, the mass marketing of various size pumpkins in autumn, in both the corporate and local markets, has made pumpkins universally available for this purpose. The American tradition of carving pumpkins is recorded in 1837 and was originally associated with harvest time in general, not becoming specifically associated with Halloween until the mid-to-late 19th century.
According to some books on History of Halloween ,it imagery is derived from many sources, including national customs, works of Gothic and horror literature (such as the novels Frankenstein and Dracula), and classic horror films (such as Frankenstein and The Mummy). Among the earliest works on the subject of this festival is from Scottish poet John Mayne in 1780, who made note of pranks at the event as well as the supernatural associated with the night, "Bogies" (ghosts), influencing Robert Burns' book Hallows 1785. Elements of the autumn season, such as pumpkins, corn husks, and scarecrows, are also prevalent. Homes are often decorated with these types of symbols around the festival . Its imagery includes themes of death, evil, the occult or mythical monsters. Black and orange are the holiday's traditional colors.
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